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  • Heart Attack Signs & Symptoms

    Sign and Symptoms of Heart Attack

    Don’t wait to get help if you experience any of these heart attack warning signs. Although some heart attacks are sudden and intense, most start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Pay attention to your body — and call 911 if you feel:

    • Chest discomfort.Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or that goes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain.
    • Discomfort in other areas of the upper body.Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
    • Shortness of breathwith or without chest discomfort.
    • Other signsmay include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.


    Symptoms Vary Between Men and Women

    As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain.

     

    Heart Attack Signs in Women

    1. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
    2. Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.
    3. Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
    4. Other signs such as breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness.
    5. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest painor But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

    Act Fast

    Learn the signs, but remember this: Even if you’re not sure it’s a heart attack, have it checked out. Minutes matter! Fast action can save lives — maybe your own. Don’t wait – call 911 or your emergency response number.

    Call 911

    Calling 911 is almost always the fastest way to get lifesaving treatment. Emergency medical services (EMS) staff can begin treatment when they arrive — up to an hour sooner than if someone gets to the hospital by car. EMS staff are also trained to revive someone whose heart has stopped. Patients with chest pain who arrive by ambulance usually receive faster treatment at the hospital, too. It is best to call EMS for rapid transport to the emergency room.

     

    If you have any of these signs, call 9-1-1 and get to a hospital right away.

     

    Source: American Heart Association

  • EHAC (Early Heart Attack Care)


  • Heart Healthy Eating

    Shop for foods that do not have a lot of added ingredients, such as salt, fats, or sugar. Learn your goals for fat, calories, and sodium. Then use food labels to help you make choices that keep you on target. For example:

    • If you are on an eating plan that limits sodium, choose foods with less than 300 mg of sodium per serving.
    • Choose foods with very little or no saturated fat or trans fat.

    Remember: Not everything that is advertised or labeled as healthy is really good for you!

    Fruits and Vegetables

    Start with fresh fruits and vegetables. These do not have added fats, sugar, or sodium.

    When you buy frozen or canned produce, read labels:

    • Look for types that do not have anything added to the fruits or vegetables, such as sauces, gravies, or seasonings.
    • Canned vegetables may be high in sodium. However, you can enjoy many lower-sodium or salt-free varieties.

    Breads, Cereals, and Grains

    Choose breads and cereals that are made from whole grains and high in fiber:

    • Look for products with whole grains (such as whole wheat, rye, or oats) as the first ingredient.
    • Breads with at least 2 grams (g) of fiber per serving are good choices.
    • Select cereals that contain at least 5g fiber per serving.
    • Limit cereals that list added sugars on the label.
    • Check the label for the amount of sodium if you are on a reduced-sodium plan.

    Milk and Dairy

    When choosing milk or dairy products, pick nonfat or low-fat types:

    • Choose nonfat (skim), ½%-fat, or 1%-fat milk.
    • Look for tasty cheeses that are low in saturated fat and sodium. Choose them more often than regular cheese.

    Meats and Other Protein Foods

    You can get protein from poultry, fish, beef, pork, dried beans, soy products, and other vegetable proteins.

    • When choosing chicken or other poultry, look for breast or white meat without the skin
    • When choosing beef and veal, pick cuts without much marbling (fat). Healthy types include round steak, tenderloin, and sirloin tips.
    • Lean center cuts are the best cuts of pork and lamb.
    • You can buy any type of fresh fish that you enjoy. Do not always choose the same kind because some types may contain mercury or other contaminants that you don’t want to eat in large amounts.
    • Canned fish (such as tuna) can be high in sodium. Choose low-sodium brands.
    • Add vegetarian entrees and vegetable protein foods, like beans, veggie burgers, or tofu. Look for products that are low in saturated fat and sodium and high in fiber.

    Other Foods

    • Convenience foods, such as canned soups, pasta sauces, and prepackaged or frozen dinner entrees and side dishes can be high in sodium and/or fat. Read labels and choose carefully.
    • There are many snack foods that you can enjoy:
      • Nuts, seeds, and pretzels make good snacks. Avoid those with added salt.
      • Keep your sodium and saturated fat limits in mind while you shop.
      • Look for snacks that are free of trans fat. If the ingredients include hydrogenated oil, then the food has trans fat
    • It’s okay to have desserts once in a while if you choose wisely:
      • Fresh fruit and nonfat or low-fat frozen yogurt are good choices.
      • There are many kinds of reduced-fat and fat-free candies, cakes, cookies, pastries, and frozen desserts. They may fit within your limits for fat and sodium. However, many fat-free or low-fat desserts are high in calories and low in healthy nutrients. Have them only occasionally.
  • Living Well with Heart Disease